Bhaktapur, an ancient city, lies on the eastern part of the valley regarded as the abode of traditional Nepali and Newari culture, custom and unique arts of wooden and potteries inhabited by indigenous Newari people. The historical monuments on around signify the medieval age culture and traditions of Nepal.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square, 15 km far from Kathmandu, lies in the center of Bhaktapur is also known as a museum of medieval art and architecture with many sculptures, woodcarving and colossal pagoda temples consecrated to different gods and goddesses. Durbar Square is one of the most pleasant architectural showpieces of the valley which is an accumulation of pagoda and shikhara-style temples grouped around fifty-five window palace brick and wood weight the ancient arts of Nepal.

The main attractive monuments are Nyatapola Temple, the statue of King Bhupatindra Malla, Lion’s Gate, Bhairav Nath Temple, Peacock Window, Golden Gate and fifty-five windowed palace of Bhaktapur Durbar Square. The palace with charming fifty-five windows was built during the reigned King Yakshya Malla in 1427 A.D. and was remolded by King Bhupatindra Malla in the seventeenth century and is considered as the masterpiece of woodcarving. Nyatpola Temple is the biggest and highest pagoda of Nepal ever built with such architectural perfection and artistic beauty which means five stories in Newari Languages symbolizing the five basic elements. Along with the artistic views, beautiful sunsets in Durbar Square are also the best scene from the eastern end.