Swayambhu literally means “self-existent one”. According to the translations from an inscription dating back to 460 AD., it was built by King Manadev and by the 13th century, Swayambhunath had been developed as an important center of Buddhism. It is also known as the “Monkey Temple” among the visitors from abroad and has also been enlisted as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2006. It is at the top of a little hill, overlooking the panoramic view of the city. It is also the place to have the best view of the sunset from the valley.

It is said to have evolved spontaneously when the valley was created out of a prehistoric lake more than 2 thousand years ago. This stupa is the oldest of its kind in Nepal and has numerous monuments and monasteries on its premises. A Tibetan monastery, museum, and library are more recent additions. The dome at the base represents the entire world. When a person awakes (represented by eyes of wisdom and compassion) from the oaths of the world, the person reaches the state of enlightenment. Swayambhunath is one of the holiest Buddhist Chaityas in Nepal. The site itself has stood as a symbol of faith and harmony from centuries.

The base of the hill is almost entirely surrounded by prayer wheels that were recently mounted. Devotees can be seen circumambulating the stupa at all times. However, it is the important site of Buddhist, a large figure of both Buddhists and Hindus alike visit Swayambhunath throughout the day. Swayambhu is conceivably the best place to witness religious harmony in Nepal.